Travel to Mozambique

Mozambique

Due to its prime location on the East African coast, Mozambique became a significant trading post for gold, ivory and later slaves between the 16th and 19th centuries. Civil war followed the end of Portuguese rule in 1975, but since 1992 the Mozambican government has set about transforming the country into a modern economy. Now a stable democracy, Mozambique remains little explored and the country’s spectacular natural treasures are one of the world’s best-kept secrets.

Mozambique beckons the discerning traveler with exotic, palm-lined beaches and world-class diving and fishing. With its 1,550 mile coastline fringed by one of the most extensive coral reefs in the world, it offers natural splendor and an underwater spectacle that is hard to match. The capital city of Maputo is a feast for the senses with its vibrant street life and superb seafood. Along the coastline, crystal clear waters with dazzling soft corals and a bewildering range of fish are mesmerizing in their beauty. 25 miles offshore the Bazaruto Archipelago offers some of the finest big game fishing, diving and snorkeling in the world. Further north lies the ancient port city of Pemba, with its natural harbor the third deepest in the world. Offshore lies the remote Quirimbas Archipelago like a chain of sparkling jewels, its 27 islands virtually untouched and unexplored.

Overview

Due to its prime location on the East African coast, Mozambique became a significant trading post for gold, ivory and later slaves between the 16th and 19th centuries. Civil war followed the end of Portuguese rule in 1975, but since 1992 the Mozambican government has set about transforming the country into a modern economy. Now a stable democracy, Mozambique remains little explored and the country’s spectacular natural treasures are one of the world’s best-kept secrets.

People

Mozambique’s major ethnic groups encompass numerous subgroups with diverse languages, dialects, cultures, and histories. Many are linked to similar ethnic groups living in neighboring countries. The north-central provinces of Zambezia and Nampula are the most populous, with about 45% of the population. The estimated 4 million Makhuwa are the dominant group in the northern part of the country. The Sena and Ndau are prominent in the Zambezi valley, and the Tsonga and Shangaan dominate in southern Mozambique.
Despite the influence of Islamic coastal traders and European colonizers, the people of Mozambique have largely retained an indigenous culture based on small-scale agriculture. Mozambique’s most highly developed art forms are wood sculpture, for which the Makonde in northern Mozambique are particularly renowned, and dance. The middle and upper classes continue to be heavily influenced by the Portuguese colonial and linguistic heritage.

During the colonial era, Christian missionaries were active in Mozambique, and many foreign clergy remain in the country. According to the national census, about 40% of the population is Christian, at least 20% is Muslim, and the remainder adheres to traditional beliefs.

Language

The official language is Portuguese.  In general people understand and speak some English.  Outside the urban areas, each region has its own Mozambican languages.

History

The first people to inhabit Mozambique were the Bushmen. Between 200 a 300 AD, the Bantu, a group with different ethnic strains but with similar characteristics, migrated from the Great Lake to the North and pushed the local people into the poorer areas in the South. Towards the end of the VI century, the Swahili-Arabs established trading posts to trade for gold, copper and iron.

The Portuguese reached Mozambique in the 15th century.  From 1502 up until the middle of the 18th century Portuguese interests in Mozambique were controlled by the Portuguese India administration.  Right from the outset, the Portuguese built “feitorias”, or trading posts.  The division of Africa between the European powers, determined in the Berlin Conference of 1884/1885, obliged the Portuguese to maintain permanent occupation of the territories assigned to them.

Just as had happened with the other Portuguese colonies, Mozambique also rose up against Portuguese colonial rule. On the 25 September 1964, armed fighting broke out led by FRELIMO - The Mozambique Liberation Front - This party was a joint force of three movements that had organized themselves in exile.

The first leader of the movement was Eduardo Chivambo Mondlane and after his death on the 3rd of February 1969, Samora Moises Machel assumed leadership to become the first President of the Republic of Mozambique on the 25th of June 1975. In 1977, civil war broke out, between FRELIMO and RENAMO (National Resistance Party of Mozambique) and lasted for 15 years, until 1992, when a peace accord was finally signed by both parties.

Mozambique today is a democratic country holding its own elections as foreseen in the Constitution.The last elections ran smoothly in December 2004. Armando Emílio Guebuza, the Frelimo leader was elected President.

Travel Guide

Currency

The local currency is the metical.  US Dollars and South African Rand are accepted in many places.  Exchange is easily available in the banks and exchange agencies.

Weather

In the North and along the coast, the climate is tropical and humid, in the Interior, the South and in the Province of Tete, tropical dry and in Gaza, tropical arid.  The rainy season is between October and April, with temperatures between 80ºF and 84ºF.  The dry season between May and September has temperatures between 64ºF and 68ºF.

Health Requirements

All travelers entering Mozambique, having previously visited a country where yellow fever is present, must present a valid certification of vaccination against yellow fever.  We recommend all travelers be vaccinated to avoid complications at the border.  Any passenger who cannot present such a certificate at the port of entry will be vaccinated at a cost of $50 US dollars or the equivalent in metical.  Additionally, all travelers entering Mozambique must carry their yellow vaccination book.  Please speak to your local pharmacist/doctor about any other vaccinations.

Visa Requirements

A visa is required for entry into Mozambique.  It is recommended that travelers acquire the appropriate visa prior to departing for Mozambique, although a one-entry visa can be obtained at country points of entry, including airports.

Credit Cards

Visa and Mastercard and travelers checks are accepted in most establishments.

Electrical Appliances

Local voltage is 220/240 V 50 Hz.

Water

You should only drink bottled water.

Destinations

Explore the rest of our Mozambique destinations:

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This Destination

Mozambique

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